Yalta Conference Agreement

3. The United States Government should, on behalf of the three powers, consult with the Chinese government and the French provisional government on the decisions taken at this conference on the proposed World Organization. It was agreed that the five nations with permanent seats on the Security Council should consult on the issue of territorial trust before the United Nations Conference. Allied leaders came to Yalta because they knew that an Allies` victory in Europe was almost inevitable, but they were less convinced that the Pacific War was coming to an end. Recognizing that a victory over Japan might require a long-term struggle, the United States and Britain saw a great strategic advantage for Soviet participation in peaceful theatre. At Yalta, Roosevelt and Churchill discussed with Stalin the conditions under which the Soviet Union would go to war with Japan, and all three agreed that the Soviets should have a sphere of influence in Manchuria in exchange for a potentially decisive Soviet participation in the Pacific theatre after Japan`s surrender. These include the southern part of Sachalin, a lease in Port Arthur (now Thehukou), part of the manchury and Kuril Islands. This agreement was the main concrete achievement of the Yalta conference. The aim of the conference was to organize a post-war peace that was not only a collective security order, but also a plan to give the liberated peoples of post-Nazi Europe self-determination. The meeting should focus on the restoration of the nations of war-torn Europe. But within a few years, as the Cold War divided the continent, Yalta became the subject of intense controversy. The final agreement stipulated that „the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.“ [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] The Conference agreed that permanent mechanisms for consultation between the three foreign ministers should be put in place; they should meet as often as necessary, probably every three or four months.

„The aforementioned governments propose that the Conference consider as the basis for such a charter the proposals for the creation of a general international organization published last October following the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, supplemented by the following provisions of Section C of Chapter VI: The Conference agreed that the issue of major war criminals should be investigated by the three foreign ministers. when the time comes, after the conference closes.